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中美乙烷贸易与运输发展趋势

2019-06-26 18:09:00
来源:中国船检 编辑: 国际船舶网 我有话要说

YIWANLIEJIEZHIYIXI,XIANGBISHINAOYOUZHIYIXIHEMEIZHIYIXIDENG,JUYOUERYANGHUATANPAIFANGDI、WURANXIAO、HUANJINGYOUHAO、TOUZICHENGBENDIDENGYOUSHI,JUYOUGUANGKUODESHICHANGQIANJINGHEFAZHANKONGJIAN,HUOJIANGCHENGWEIWOGUOYIXIYUANLIAOJIEGOUYOUHUAHEQINGZHIHUADEKEXINGXUANZEHEFAZHANFANGXIANGZHIYI。FAZHANYIWANZHIYIXI,YOUQISHIDUIYUYANHAIDIQULAISHUO,XUYAODEGENGDUOYIKAOJINKOUYIWAN,CONGMEIGUODAGUIMOJINKOUYIWANHUOJIANGCHENGWEIZHONGMEINENGYUANHEZUOHULISHUANGYINGDEXUANZE。

中国乙烷制乙烯项目

YIWANZHIYIXIZAIZHONGGUOYOUZHELIANGHAODEFAZHANQIANJING。DANYOUYUWOGUOYIWANCHANLIANGJIAOXIAO,YIDINGCHENGDUSHANGZHIYUELEWOGUOYIWANZHIYIXICHANYEFAZHAN。

pc蛋蛋登录JINNIANLAI,SUIZHEZHONGMEIDAGUIMOYIWANJINKOUMAOYICHENGWEIKENENG,ZHONGDUOYIXIHUAGONGQIYEBAYIWANZHIYIXIKANCHENGFAZHANYIXIYUANLIAOQINGZHIHUADEYOUXIAOTUJINGHEFAZHANFANGXIANG。ZI2017NIAN11YUENANSHANJITUANYUMEIGUOYIWANGONGSI(AEC)QIANSHUZHONGMEIYIWANDAGUIMOJINKOUKUANGJIAXIEYIYILAI,BUWANQUANTONGJI,WOGUOYIYOUSHIYUGENICAIYONGJINKOUMEIGUOYIWANZHIYIXIDEQIANZAIXIANGMU,FENBUYUZHONGGUODUOGEYANHAISHENGFENDENIJIANHUAGONGCHANYEJIDI(RUBIAO1SUOSHI)。QIZHONG,NANSHANJITUANYIWANZHIYIXIXIANGMUHEGUANGXIQINZHOUYIWANZHIYIXIXIANGMUZUOWEIYIWANLIEJIEZHIYIXISHIFANGONGCHENGYIBEIGUOJIAFAGAIWEIZENGBULIERU2017NIAN《SHIHUACHANYEGUIHUABUJUFANGAN》XIUDINGBANZHONG。 

SHIJIEZHIMINGYIWANYUNYINGGONGSI,BAOKUO:AEC、YINGLISHIGONGSI(INEOS)、MEIGUOONEOKGONGSIJIMEIGUONENGYUANCHUANSHUGONGSI(ETP, Energy Transfer Partners)JUNKANHAOZHONGMEIYIWANDAGUIMOJINKOUMAOYI,JIJIYUGUONEIDEXIANGGUANYIWANZHIYIXIXIANGMUYUNYINGFANGHEZUOBINGQIANSHUHEZUOXIEYI。QIZHONG,AECXIANHOUYUNANSHANJITUAN、JUNENGZHONGGONG、YANGQINGDAOHENGYUANHUAGONGHEYONGRONGKONGGUJITUANQIANSHULEHEZUOXIEYI。LINGWAI,YINGLISHIYUXINPUHUAXUE,ONEOKYUDALIANHUIKUNBAOCHILEMIQIEDEHEZUO。2019NIAN3YUE,ZHEJIANGWEIXINGSHIHUAYUETP、YINGGUOHANGHAIJIAQITIYUNSHUGONGSI(Navigator Gas)QIANSHULEYIWANGONGYINGYUNSHUHEZUOXIEYI,BINGYUHANGUOZAOCHUANQIYEXIANDAIZHONGGONGHESANXINGZHONGGONGQIANSHULE6SOU98000FANGDAXINGYIWANYUNSHUCHUANDEHEZUOXIEYI。

美国乙烷贸易现状

2016NIAN3YUE,MEIGUOSHOUCIJIANGYEHUAYIWANCONGBINXIFANIYAZHOUDEMarcus HookYIWANMATOUZHUANGCHUANBINGYUNWANGNUOWEI,SHIXIANLEMEIGUOYIWANDESHOUCICHUANYUNCHUKOU。ZHIHOU,YIWANCHUKOULIANGGENGSHICHENGXIANJINGPENDETAISHI。JUMEIGUONENGYUANBUDETONGJI,2018NIAN,QUANNIANMEIGUOYIWANCHUKOULIANGJIAO2017NIANZENGZHANG43.8%。SUIRANSHOUDAOSUIHOUQUANQIUMAOYIZHENGDUANDEJIZHONGYONGXIANZAOCHENGQUANQIUJINGJIZENGZHANGYUQIXIADIAODEYINGXIANG,DANYUECHUKOULIANGDUANQICHENGXIANJIANXIAODEQUSHI。2019NIAN1YUEDANYUEYIWANCHUKOULIANGGAODA996WANTONG,CHUANGXIAQIJINYILAIMEIGUOZUIDADEDANYUEYIWANCHUKOULIANG。

pc蛋蛋登录JIANADAWEIMEIGUOZUIZHUYAODEYIWANCHUKOUGUO,YESHI2016NIANMEIGUOCHUANYUNCHUKOUYIWANQIANWEIYIDECHUKOUGUO。YAZHOUNENGYUANXUQIUDAGUOYINDUZI2016NIAN12YUEFENKAISHIXIANGMEIGUOJINKOUYIWAN,2017NIANQUANMIANJINKOULIANGWEI208WANTONG,CHAOGUOJIANADA201WANTONGDEJINKOULIANG,CONGERCHENGWEI2017NIANCONGMEIGUOJINKOUYIWANZUIDUODEGUOJIA。OUZHOUJINKOUMEIGUOYIWANDEGUOJIAZHUYAOWEIYINGGUO、NUOWEIHERUISHI。BAXIZESHINANMEIJINKOUMEIGUOYIWANDEZHUYAOGUOJIA。ZAIDONGYADIQU,RIBENZAI2018NIAN3YUEKAISHIXIANGMEIGUOJINKOUYIWAN,JINKOUZONGLIANGJIAOXIAO。WOGUOHEHANGUOSHANGWEIKAIZHANDAGUIMOJINKOUMEIGUOYIWANMAOYI。

pc蛋蛋登录CHUANYUNYIWANMAOYIFANGMIAN,ZI2016NIANSHOUCICHUANYUNCHUKOUYIWANYILAI,MEIGUOCHUANYUNYIWANCHUKOULIANGCHENGXIANZHUNIANZENGZHANGDEQUSHI。QIZHONG,ZAI2018NIAN4YUEDECHUKOULIANGDADAOJIANGJIN65WANTONG。GENJUMEIGUONENGYUANJUDETONGJI,2017NIANCHUANYUNYIWANDECHUKOULIANGWEI2016NIANDE4.79BEI。JINGUANSHOUDAOQUANQIUMAOYIZHENGDUANJIZHONGYONGXIANDAOZHIQUANQIUJINGJIFUSUFANGHUANDEYINGXIANG,2018NIAN,MEIGUOYIWANCHUANYUNCHUKOULIANGRENGRANJIAO2017NIANZENGZHANG33.6%,DADAOJIANGJIN6000WANTONG。2019NIAN1YUE,CHUANYUNYIWANCHUKOULIANGCHUXIANQIANGJINGZENGZHANGZHICHAOGUO72WANTONG,WEIQIJINYILAIMEIGUOYIWANZUIDADEDANYUECHUANYUNCHUKOULIANG。

SUIZHEZHONGMEIYIWANMAOYIDESHUNLIKAIZHAN,BUJIUDEWEILAI,ZHONGMEIYIWANMAOYIJIANGYIZENGLIANGDEXINGSHI,HUOJIANGSHIDEMEIGUOYIWANCHUKOUMAOYILIANGYIJICHUANYUNYIWANMAOYILIANGCHENGXIANJINGPENDEZENGZHANGTAISHI。

中美乙烷出口码头及主要航线

1、Marcus Hook乙烷码头

pc蛋蛋登录Marcus HookYIWANMATOUWEIYUMEIGUODONGBEIBUBINXIFANIYAZHOU(RUTU1SUOSHI),SHIMEIGUOWEILECHUANYUNCHUKOUYIWANERJIANZAODEDIYIGEYIWANMATOU,SHUYUSunoco LogisticsGONGSI。2015NIANMOKAISHIYIWANZHUANGCHUANZUOYEDEDIAOSHI,2016NIAN3YUE,ZHENGSHIKAISHIYIWANDEZHUANGCHUANZUOYE,SHUNLIJIANGYEHUAYIWANZHUANGRUYINGLISHI(Ineos)GONGSIDEYISOUMINGWEI“JS Ineos Intrepid”DEYEHUAQITIYUNSHUCHUAN,SHIXIANLEMEIGUOYIWANMAOYIDESHOUCICHUANYUNCHUKOU,MUDEDIWEINUOWEIRafnesGANG,DUISHIJIEYIWANMAOYIBANTUDEZHONGXINHUIZHIJUYOULICHENGBEISHIDEZHONGYAOYIYI。

pc蛋蛋登录TU1  Marcus HookYIWANMATOU

pc蛋蛋登录MUQIAN,Marcus HookYIWANMATOUDEYIWANZHUANGHUONENGLIYUEWEI140WANDUNMEINIAN,QUANBUCHANNENGFUWUYUYINGLISHI(115WANDUN)HEBorealisGONGSI(25WANDUN)DEYIWANJINKOUHETONGQIEYIJINGBAOHE,SHESHILIYONGYIJINGJIEJINJIXIAN。

2、Morgan’s Point乙烷码头

Morgan’s PointYIWANMATOUWEIYUMEIGUONANBUDEKESASIZHOUXIUSIDUN(RUTU2SUOSHI),GUISHUYUEnterprise ProductsGONGSI。2016NIAN7YUEKAIZHANYIWANZHUANGCHUANZUOYEDESHIYUNXING,2016NIAN9YUE,Morgan’s PointMATOUJIANCHENGHOUSHOUCIKAIZHANLEYIWANDEZHUANGCHUANZUOYE,SHUNLIJIANG2.65WANTONGYEHUAYIWANZHUANGRUYINGLISHIGONGSIDE“JS Ineos Intrepid”YEHUAQITIYUNSHUCHUAN,SHIXIANLEMEIGUOYIWANZAIGAIMATOUDESHOUCICHUANYUNCHUKOU,MUDEDITONGYANGWEINUOWEIDERafnesGANGJIESHOUZHAN。

TU2  Morgan’s PointYIWANMATOU

pc蛋蛋登录MUQIAN,Morgan’s PointYIWANMATOUDEYIWANZHUANGHUONENGLIYUEWEI410WANDUNMEINIAN,QUANBUCHANNENGFUWUYUYINDURelianceGONGSI(150)、YINGLISHI(100WANDUN)、SabicGONGSI(100WANDUN)、BAXIBraskemGONGSI(20WANDUN)JIQITAGONGSI(40WANDUN)DEYIWANJINKOUHETONGQIEYIJINGBAOHE,SHESHILIYONGTONGYANGYIJINGJIEJINJIXIAN。

3、Martin Terminal乙烷码头

pc蛋蛋登录MEIGUOXIANYOUDELIANGDAYIWANMATOUDECHANNENGQUANBUFUWUYUCUNLIANGYIWANCHUKOUHETONGBINGCHUYUBAOHEZHUANGTAI。Martin TerminalSHIWEILEYINGDUIZHONGMEIYIWANCHUKOUZHEIYIJUDADEQIANZAIZENGLIANGERJIHUAXINJIANDEYIWANMATOU,DILIWEIZHIWEIYUJULIMorgan’s PointDONGBEIFANGXIANGYUE100GONGLIDEBOMENGTESHI(Beaumont)(RUTU3SUOSHI)。

pc蛋蛋登录TU3  Martin TerminalYIWANMATOU(ZAIJIAN)

GAIMATOUYU2019NIAN1YUEDONGGONGJIANZAO,YUJI2022NIANWANGONG,GUISHUYUAECGONGSI。GAIMATOUJIANCHENGHOUJIANGCHENGWEIQUANMEICHANNENGZUIDADEYIWANMATOU,NIANCHUKOUNENGLIJIANGDADAO1000WANDUN,BAOHAN:4JIE1000WANDUNDESHENLENGYEHUAZHUANGZHI、YIGE12WANLIFANGMIDEYETAIYIWANQUANRONGCHUGUAN、LIANGGEYIWANZHUANGXIEBOWEIZHAN,MEIGEBOWEIZHANKEJIESHOU15WANLIFANGMIYIWANYUNSHUCHUANZUOYE。

4、美国船运乙烷出口航线

ZI2016NIAN3YUEMEIGUOSHIXIANSHOUCICHUANYUNCHUKOUYIWANYILAI,MEIGUOCHUANYUNYIWANXIANYOUHANGXIANZHUYAOWEI“MEIOUHANGXIAN”、JINGSUYISHIYUNHEDE“MEIYINHANGXIAN”、“MEIGUOBAXIHANGXIAN”YIJIYUNWANGDONGYADIQUDE“MEIYAHANGXIAN”。WEILAI,SHIYUMartin TerminalMATOU,TUJINGBANAMAYUNHEDIDAZHONGGUOYANHAIDE“ZHONGMEIHANGXIAN”HUOJIANGCHENGWEIMEIGUOCHUANYUNYIWANHANGXIANZHONGZUIFANMANGDEHANGXIAN。

pc蛋蛋登录TU4  MEIGUOCHUANYUNYIWANZHUYAOHANGXIAN

CONGCHUKOUMATOULAIKAN,Marcus HookMATOUGONGYINGDEYIWANZHUYAOJING“MEIOUHANGXIAN”YUNWANGYINGGUO、NUOWEIDENGOUZHOUGUOJIA。LAIZIMorgan’s PointMATOUDEYIWANTONGGUO“MEIOUHANGXIAN”、“MEIYINHANGXIAN”、“MEIBAHANGXIAN”JI“MEIYAHANGXIAN”FENBIEYUNWANGOUZHOU、YINDU、BAXIHERIBEN。MEIGUOCHUKOUZHONGGUODEYIWANHUOJIANGCONGMartin TerminalMATOUHUOZHEQITAXINJIANMATOU,JING“ZHONGMEIHANGXIAN”,YUNWANGZHONGGUOYANHAIYIWANJIESHOUZHAN(RUTU4SUOSHI)。

pc蛋蛋登录MUQIAN,MEIGUOYIWANYUNSHUCHUANDUIGUIMOYUEWEI20SOU,QIZHONG70%WEICXINGDULICANGDUOQITIYUNSHUCHUAN,QIZHONGZUIDADEZHUANGZAIRONGLIANGYUEWEI37000LIFANG,JIANZHUANGYIWAN、YIXIJILPG,PEIBEISHUANGRANLIAOFADONGJI,ZHUYAOCONGSHI“MEIYINHANGXIAN”YIWAIDEYIWANYUNSHU。LINGWAI30%WEI87000LIFANGBOMOCANGDAXINGYIWANYUNSHUCHUAN,CAIYONGDESHIGTT MARKIIIBOMOCANGSHEJI,SHIYONGZHONGYOUZUOWEIDANYIRANLIAO,CONGSHI“MEIYINHANGXIAN”YIWANYUNSHU。WEILAI“ZHONGMEIHANGXIAN”YIWANYUNSHUCHUANDETOURUYUNYINGSHIBIDADAZHUANGDAMEIGUOYIWANYUNSHUDECHUANDUIGUIMO。

未来展望

pc蛋蛋登录WOGUODUIJINKOUYIWANDEXUQIUHUOJIANGJINRUKUAISUSHANGSHENGTONGDAO。YIJUGUOJIATICHUDE“JIANSHEMEILIZHONGGUO,TUIJINLVSEFAZHAN”FAZHANMUBIAODEYAOQIU,YOUHUAYIXIYUANLIAOJIEGOU,TUIJINYIXIYUANLIAOQINGZHIHUA,TISHENGYIWANZUOWEIYIXIYUANLIAOGOUCHENGBILI,SHIWOGUOYIXICHANYEXIANGQINGJIE、LVSE、ANQUAN、GAOXIAOFAZHANDEBIJINGZHILU,DASHISUOQU。XIANGBIBEIMEIHEOUZHOUDENGFADADIQU,WOGUODEYIWANZHIYIXICHANYECHUYUQIBUJIEDUAN,YOUZHEGUANGKUODEFAZHANQIANJING。

pc蛋蛋登录MEIGUOYIWANSHANGYOUCHANNENGZHUBUSHIFANG,YIWANGONGJINENGLIZHUNIANZENGQIANG。SUIZHEMEIGUOYEYANQIKAIFAJISHUHESHESHIDEBUDUANFAZHAN,WEILAIDEYIWANGONGJIBUJINNENGGOUMANZUXIANYOUYIWANCUNLIANGCHUKOUHETONGDEGONGJI,HAIJIANGWEIZHONGMEIJIQITAQIANZAIDEYIWANZENGLIANGCHUKOUTIGONGGONGJIBAOZHANG。TONGSHI,MEIGUOGEDAYIWANYUNYINGGONGSIYEZAIJIJIBUJUZHONGMEIYIWANMAOYIZENGLIANG,ZHONGMEIHANGXIANYIWANYUNSHUCHUANDUIGUIMOJIANGBUDUANZHUANGDA,WUYIZAIGONGJIDUANWEIZHONGMEIDAGUIMOYIWANJINKOUCHUANGZAOYOULITIAOJIAN。

SUIZHEWOGUODUIJINKOUYIWANXUQIUDEZENGQIANG,MEIGUOYIWANGONGJINENGLIDEKUODA,ZHONGMEINENGYUANMAOYIDELIHAOJIANGZHUBUSHIFANG,ZHONGMEIDAGUIMOYIWANJINKOUHUOJIANGSHIXIANZHONGMEINENGYUANHEZUODESHUANGYING,YONGYOUGUANGKUODEFAZHANQIANJING。

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