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全球LNG燃料供应基础设施争分夺秒填补缺口

2019-09-06 09:50:02
来源:海洋能源与工程资讯平台 编辑: 国际船舶网 我有话要说

pc蛋蛋登录SUIZHEYUELAIYUEDUODEGONGYINGQUEKOUBEITIANBU,2020NIANJIANGCHENGWEIXIAOXINGLNGGONGYINGXIANGMUDEFENSHUILING。DANGQIANZAIJIANDELNGDONGLIHAOHUAYOULUNGAODA18SOU。WEICI,GONGYINGLIANZHENGZAIYUSHIJIANSAIPAO,YIMANZUJIJIANGBAOPENGDELNGXUQIU。

2019NIANCHU,QUANQIUHAIZHIYOU6SOULNGJIAZHUCHUAN,NANYIMANZUJIJIANGJIAOFUDELNGDONGLIHAOHUAYOULUNSUODAILAIDEJIAZHUXUQIU,GENGBUYONGSHUOXINGXINGSESEDELNGDONGLIJIZHUANGXIANGCHUAN、GUNZHUANGCHUANHEQITACHUANXINGDEXINJIANHUOGAIZHUANGXIANGMU。

SHIJISHANG,ZHENGRUMEIGUONENGYUANZIXUNGONGSIEnerdynamicZISHENZIXUNSHIChristina Nagy McKennaZAI2019NIANDEYIPIANMINGWEI《XIAOXINGLNGXIANGMUZAITIANRANQISHICHANGZHONGDEZUOYONG》DEWENZHANGZHONGSUOQIANGDIAODENEIYANG,ZHEI6SOUXIANYOUDEJIAZHUCHUANYIJINGZAIMANFUHEYUNYING,WEIDANGQIANDEKEHUTIGONGTIANRANQIJIAZHU。TAYUJI,LNGRANLIAODEWEILAIQUJUEYURANLIAODEGONGYING。

pc蛋蛋登录TAZAIWENZHANGZHONGXIEDAO:“TIANRANQIYEDEXIAYIGEDAQUSHISHIBIANXIAO:XIAOXINGLNGXIANGMU。WEILEZAIZHEIYILINGYUHUODECHENGGONG,(DAXINGNENGYUANGONGSI)BIXUXIANGFANGSHEFAWEIQUEFAJICHUSHESHIDANXUQIUZHENGZHENGRISHANGDEDIQUTIGONGLNGGONGYING。”

pc蛋蛋登录JIANIANHUAHAISHIGAOJIFUZONGCAITom StrangYEBIAODALELEISIGUANDIAN:“WOMENSUOMIANLINDETIAOZHANSHIRUHEWEIYOUXUQIUDEDIFANGGONGYINGRANLIAO。”JIANIANHUATONGGUOYUQIAOPAIQIANDINGGONGQIXIEYILAIJIEJUEZHEIYIWENTI。GENJUXIEYI,QIAOPAIJIANGWEIJIANIANHUATIGONGTIANRANQIGONGYINGHEPEISONGDEJICHUSHESHI,BINGSUIZHEWEILAIJINIANJIANIANHUALNGDONGLIYOULUNDEJIAOFUBUDUANKUODAGUIMO。

显著增长

pc蛋蛋登录ZIXUNGONGSIMAIKENXIDUIQUANQIUTIANRANQIHEYEHUATIANRANQI2035NIANDEQIANJINGJINXINGLEYUCE,WEILAI15NIANZHONG,HANGYUNYEDELNGRANLIAOXUQIUJIANGYIMEINIAN3%DEJINGRENSUDUZENGZHANG。MAIKENXIZHICHU:“ZHEIYUANYUANGAOYUTIANRANQIZHENGTIXUQIU1%DENIANZENGZHANGLV,LNGZUOWEIHAISHANGYUNSHURANLIAODEGUANGFANSHIYONGZHUYAOSHOUXIANYUQIJIAZHUJICHUSHESHIDEBUZU。”

pc蛋蛋登录MAIKENXIJIESHIDAO,WEILEMANZULNGXUQIUDEPENGBOFAZHAN,GANGKOUHEFUSHIJICHUSHESHIXUYAOJIAKUAIFAZHANSUDU。ZAIQIXIANGXIYUCEZHONG,GAIGONGSIMINGQUELEYIGEGUANJIANYINSU,JILNGXIANGDUIYUJIDILIURANLIAOYOU(VLSFO)DECHENGBENJIAODI。ZAISUOYOUYUCEDEQINGJINGZHONG,SHOUDUOZHONGYUANYINTUIDONG,ZAILNGYUNSHUCHUANSHANGSHIYONGLNGRANLIAODEJINGJIXINGJUNYOUYUJIDILIURANLIAOYOU(VLSFO)。”

SHOUXIAN,ZAIXIANLIULINGSHENGXIAOHOU,JIDILIURANLIAOYOUDEXUQIUJIANGDAFUSHANGZHANG,BIANJISHENGCHANSHANGJIANGYIBAIWANYINGREDANWEI(mmbtu)WEIJICHU,YI16.0%-17.0%DEBULUNTEYUANYOUJIAGEDUIJIDILIURANLIAOYOUJINXINGSHENGCHAN。QICI,YUBULUNTEZHISHUGUAGOUDELNGJIAGEDIYUJIDILIURANLIAOYOUDEJIAGE。DISAN,YAZHOUJIAOGEDELNGXIANHUOJIAGEYUYUNWANGYAZHOUDEMEIGUOLNGJIAOGECHENGBENGUAGOU,ZAIJIBENQINGJINGXIA,QICHENGBENPINGJUNWEI7-8MEIYUAN/BAIWANYINGREDANWEI。ZUIHOU,MAIKENXIDUILNGRANLIAODEQIANJINGJIBENBAOCHILEGUAN:“RUJIN,DADUOSHULNGYUNSHUCHUANKEYIKAISHISHIYONGZHENGFAQIZUOWEIRANLIAO,ERWUXUJINYIBUGAIZHUANG。”

pc蛋蛋登录ZHEIXIEYINSUZONGHEYINGXIANGJUDA,JIANGBUKEBIMIANDEWEIGANGKOUGUANLIJUHERANLIAOJIAZHUQIYEDAILAIYALI,DUNCUTAMENYINGJIETIAOZHAN,JINKUAITIANBUGONGYINGLIANSHANGDEQUEKOU。

ZHEIXIECANYUZHEYIJINGZAICAIQUXINGDONG。XIBANYAJITUANLEIPUSUOERTIANRANQIMAOYIZONGJIANLaura Rejón PérezRENWEITIANRANQISHINENGYUANZHUANXINGZHONGDEGUANJIANRANLIAO,GAIGONGSIZHENGZAIDIZHONGHAIDIQUFAZHANJIAZHUYEWU,WEIBrittany FerriesDELNGDONGLICHUANTIGONGZHANGQIGONGYINGFANGAN。Brittany FerriesDEDIERSOULNGDONGLICHUAN“Salamanca”HAOJIANGYU2022NIANTOURUYUNYING,WEICI,GAIGONGSIYUJINNIANZAOXIESHIHOUBIAOSHI,LEIPUSUOERJIHUAZAIXIBANYAGANGKOUJIANSHELNGGONGYINGZHAN。Rejón PérezBIAOSHI:“LEIPUSUOERXIWANGZHELIFAZHANLNGGONGYINGYEWU,WULUNSHIYICIXINGGONGYING,HAISHIZHANGQIHETONG。”

ZAILNGJIAZHULINGYU,LEIPUSUOERBINGFEIXINSHOU,DANSHICIQIANGAIGONGSIYIZHITONGGUOCAOCHEJINXINGLNGJIAZHUFUWU,ERFEICICIZAIDIZHONGHAIGANGKOUJIANSHELNGJICHUSHESHI。Rejón PérezBIAOSHI,ZAICIZHIQIAN,LEIPUSUOERZHIYAOYILAIYUTONGGUOJIANGCAOCHETINGKAOZAIJIESHOUCHUANPANGHUOZHIJIETONGGUOZHONGDUANJINXINGJIAZHU。

RANER,WEILEFUWUYUBrittany FerriesGONGSI,LEIPUSUOERJIANGJIANSHEGUODUXINGCUNCHUSHESHI,YIBAOZHENGGONGYING。LIRU,ZAISantanderHEBilbaoGANG,JIANGANZHUANGSHIYONGCAOCHEBUJIDECHUGUAN,WEIDULUNJINXINGLNGJIAZHU。

GUDINGDEHAISHANGHANGXIANSHIDELUSHANGJICHUSHESHIJIAZHUFANGANGENGWEIKEXING,YINWEIZHONGZHANGQIDEHEYUENENGGOUDAILAIGUDINGDEXUQIU。RANER,LEIPUSUOERYEKANDAOLEYICIXINGXUQIUZHONGYUNHANDEJIYU。

Rejón PérezJIESHIDAO,XIBANYAYOUWANGZAIGAIDIQULNGGONGYINGLIANDEJIANSHEZHONGFAHUIZHONGYAOZUOYONG。TABIAOSHI:“YAOSHILNGCHENGWEIZHUYAODEQUANQIUCHUANYONGRANLIAO,ZHUYAOTIAOZHANSHIRUHEBAOZHENGHANGYUNGONGSIDEGONGYING。DAOMUQIANWEIZHI,JICHUSHESHIDEJIANSHEZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIBEIMEIHEBEIOUKAIFA。DANXIBANYADEWULIUXITONGYONGYOUDETIANDUHOUDEDILIYOUSHI,KEYIWEIDAXIYANGHEDIZHONGHAIDEJIAOTONGTIGONGLNGGONGYING。”

YUCITONGSHI,LEIPUSUOERDEZHUDUOJINGZHENGDUISHOU,RUFAGUOEngieGONGSI,JIHUBEIXUQIUSUOYANMEI。2019NIANSHANGBANNIAN,EngieZIGONGSIElengyYUNYINGDE2ZUOZHONGDUAN,Fos CavaouHEMontoir-de-Bretagne,XUANBUQIYEWUZENGZHANGLINGREN“TOUYUNMUXUAN”,YOU115SOULNGYUNSHUCHUANTINGKAOZHEILIANGZUOZHONGDUAN,ZHUANGZAICAOCHESHULIANGJIAO2018NIANZENGJIALE40%。GAIGONGSIZAI7YUEFABUDEYIFENBAOGAOZHONGCHENG,ZHEIXIEJIEGUOQINGCHUDIBIAOMING,LNGSHIWEILAINENGYUANZHONGBUKEHUOQUEDEZHUYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,ERElengyZHENGZAIQUANMIANGONGGUQIZUOWEIOUZHOULNGZHONGDUANLINGDAOZHEDEDIWEI。

CONGZHANGYUANLAIKAN,ElengyJIANGQIWEIYUFAGUOMontoir-de-BretagneGANGDEZHONGDUANSHIWEIOUZHOUXIBEIBUDEZHONGYAOSHUNIU,GAIZHONGDUANNENGGOURONGNA2SOULNGYUNSHUCHUANTONGSHITINGBO,ZUICHUSHEJIYONGYUDUILAIZIAERJILIYA、NIRILIYA、NUOWEIHUOKATAERDENGGUOJIAYUNLAIDELNGJINXINGXIEZAIHEZAIQIHUA。GAIZHONGDUANXIANZAINENGGOUCONGQILNGCHUGUANZHONGDUICHUANBOJINXINGZAIZHUANGZAI,FUWU,BINGZAILIANGSOUCHUANZHIJIANZHIJIESHIXIANHUOWUZHUANYUN。

JIANIANHUAHAISHIGAOJIFUZONGCAITom StrangRENWEI,RUHEHUOQULNGSHICHUANBOMIANLINDEZUIDATIAOZHAN。

需求侧瓶颈

pc蛋蛋登录ZHENGRUDNV GLCHUANJISHESUOZHICHU,ZAIXIAOXINGGONGYINGLIANZHONG,CHAJURENGRANHENDA。GAICHUANJISHEZAI4YUEFENDEYIXIANGFENXIBAOGAOZHONGBIAOSHI,ZAILNGDEPEISONGZHONG,JIHUMEIYOUXIANGHUAXUEPINYUNSHUYEYIZHIYILAISHIYONGDEYITIHUAWANGLUO。ZHEISHIDEGONGYINGSHANGHEKEHUZHIJIANNANYIJINXINGJINGJIYOUXIAODETIANRANQIYUNSHU,TEBIESHIDANGYUNHUOLIANGXIANGDUIJIAOXIAOHUOMUDEDIJIAOWEIPIANYUANHUOLENGPISHI。”

ZHEIPIANFENXIBAOGAOHAIZHICHU,YUELAIYUEDUODECHUANBOYUNYINGSHANGCAIYONGLNGZUOWEIRANLIAO(RUGUOTAMENDUILNGDEGONGYINGBAOZHANGYOUXINXIN),YEJIANGDAILAIDEBUDAOMANZUDELNGXUQIU。Avenir LNGSHOUXIZHIXINGGUANAndrew PickeringXIANGDNV GLBIAOSHI:“YOUYUQUEFAKEXUANZEDELNGJIAZHUSHESHI,LNGDONGLIGAIZHUANGXIANGMUDANGQIANYETINGZHIBUQIAN。CHUANDONGDANGQIANJIXUDESHIDUILNGDEJISHIGONGYINGBAOYOUXINXIN,ERDANGQIANQINGKUANGBINGFEIRUCI。”

pc蛋蛋登录GEZHONGYUCEZHONG,JINGCHANGJIANGLNGJICHUSHESHIFAZHANSUOMIANLINDEKUNJINGBIYUWEIXIANYOUJIHAISHIXIANYOUDAN,JISHITONGGUOCHONGZUDEGONGYINGZHULIXUQIUSHANGZHANG,HAISHITONGGUOXUQIUDEGAOZHANGTUIDONGGONGYINGLIANFAZHAN。RANER,QUANQIUFANWEINEIWENBUZENGZHANGDELNGDONGLICHUANSHULIANGKENENGJIANGCHUFAFUSHIGONGYINGCHUANDEFAZHAN。JUYIBILIYATIANRANQILIUDONGXIEHUI(Gasnam)CHENG,DAOMINGNIANNIANDI,QUANQIULNGDONGLICHUANSHULIANGJIANGZENGZHANG87%,CONG2018NIANDE136SOUCHUANZENGJIADAO254SOU。

pc蛋蛋登录LNGCHENGBENDEXIAJIANGKENENGJIANGCHENGWEIGUANJIAN。GENJUDANGQIANDEJISUAN,DILIURANYOU(LSFO)DECHENGBENBIZHONGYOU(HFO)GAOCHU40%,BILNGGAOCHU20%。

pc蛋蛋登录Avenir LNGZHILIYUCHENGWEIXIAOXINGLNGDEZHUYAOGONGYINGSHANG,JIANGZAI2019NIANMOHE2020NIANCHUJIAOFU2SOUSHUANGRANLIAOLNGJIAZHUCHUAN,SUIHOUZAI2020NIANDIZAIJIAOFU2SOU,ZHEIBIAOZHIZHEXIANGQIANMAICHUDEYIDABU。Avenir LNGDEDAGUDONGWEI,Stolt-NielsenCHIGU45%,Golar LNGHEHöeg LNGGEZHAN22.5%。GAIGONGSIJIANGTOUZI1.82YIMEIYUANYONGYUXIAOXINGJICHUSHESHIJIANSHE,BAOKUOSADINGDAOOristanoGANGYICHUZHENGZAIJIANSHEZHONGDELNGZHONGDUANHEPEISONGSHESHI80%DEGUQUAN,GAISHESHIJIANGYU2020NIANZHONGQITOUCHAN。CIHOUYINIAN,AvenirYUJIJIANGNENGGOUCONGYINGGELANNANBUDEKENTEGANG(Kent)TONGGUOHANGYUNJIANGLNGYUNSHUZHISUGELAN,QUDAICAOGUANCHECHEDUI。

AvenirDUIGONGYINGQUEKOUDETIANBUJIYUHOUWANG。ZHENGRUDNV GLSUOZHICHU,GAIGONGSIDEXINZAOCHUANJIANGZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGJIEJUEXIANYOUJIHAISHIXIANYOUDANDEKUNJING。DNV GLZAIQIFENXIZHONGBIAOSHI:“RUGUOCHUANBOYUNYINGZHEDUILNGDEGONGYINGQUEFAXINXIN,JIUBUHUICAIYONGTIANRANQIZUOWEIRANLIAO;ERRUGUOMEIYOUZUGOUDEXUQIU,JICHUSHESHIGONGYINGSHANGJIUBUHUITOUZI。Avenir LNGXIANGXINZIJIYIJINGZHAODAOLEZHENGJIESUOZAI,NENGCAIYONGXIAOXINGLNGSHESHIJIANGZHEIYIRANLIAOYUNSONGZHIGUANDAOBUFUGAIDEGANGKOU。”

QIAOPAIYEYIJINGYISHIDAOLEXIAOXING(HEDAXING)LNGXIANGMUDEWEILAI。GAIGONGSIJIANGCHENGZUYISOUJIAOJIESHIDINGTUIBOCHUAN(ATB),GAICHUANYUJIYU2020NIANCHUTOUCHAN,WEIQUANQIUSHOUCHUANG。GAICHUANZAIMIXIXIBIZHOUPASIKAGULADEVT Halter MarineCHUANCHANGJIANZAO,CHUANDONGWEIQ-LNG。ATBSHIYIZHONGHUNHESHEJI,YOUTUOCHUANHEZHUANMENSHEJIDECHUANTIZUCHENG,CHUANTICAIYONGAOCAOCHUANWEIHELIANJIEXITONG。

GAICHUANYUQIAOPAIQIANDINGZHANGQIZUYUE,JIANGCONG2020NIANKAISHIWEIWANGFANYUMEIGUOFOLUOLIDAHEDONGNANYANHAIYUNSHULNGDESHUANGRANLIAODONGLICHUANTIGONGRANLIAOJIAZHU。ZUICHU,GAICHUANJIANGWEIWANGFANYUOUZHOUHEMEIGUODE2SOU18WANZONGDUNDEJIANIANHUACHUANHE2SOUDAZHONGGUNZHUANGCHUANTIGONGRANLIAOGONGYING。

供给侧瓶颈

DNV GLHAIZHICHU,CHUXUQIUCECUNZAIPINGJINGWAI,ZAIGONGJICEYECUNZAIPINGJING。HENSHAOYOUDAXINGZHONGDUANNENGGOUJIANRONGXIAOXINGDELNGYUNSHUCHUAN,YINCI,AvenirZHILIYUTONGGUOJIANGLIYONGLVBUZUDEFUSHICHUCUNZAIQIHUAZHUANGZHI(FSRU)BUSHUZAIXUQIUDEBUDAOBAOZHANGDEDIQU,CONGERJIEJUEZHEIYIWENTI。

pc蛋蛋登录SUIZHEXIAOXINGLNGJICHUSHESHIDEFAZHAN,AvenirRENWEIZHEIXIECHUANBOYINGGAIJUYOUDUOZHONGYONGTU,HAIFEIJINJINYONGLAIJIAZHU。QISHOUXIZHIXINGGUANPickeringXIANGDNV GLBIAOSHI:“WOMENDECHUANBOSHEJIYUJINGZHENGDUISHOUJIERANXIANGFAN。WOMENSHOUXIANJIANGQISHIWEIYUNSHUCHUAN,ERFEIJIAZHUCHUAN,ZHEIZHENGSHITUIDONGSHEJIJINBUDEDONGLI。“ZAISHEJIZHONG,SUOYOUDEZHUYAOYUANSU:CHUANTIXINGSHI、SHUANGRANLIAOFADONGJIHETUIJINZHUANGZHI、RANLIAOXITONGHEFUZHUSHEBEIJUNANZHAOYUANYANGCHUANBOBIAOZHUNJINXINGXUANZE。”

pc蛋蛋登录JIAZHUXITONGLISUODANGRANSHIZHONGZHONGZHIZHONG。CHULEXIANJINDEZHENGFAQIGUANLIXITONGWAI,JIAZHUNENGLIHAIJIANGLAIZIYUQIANGDADEBENGSONGNENGLI、CHUANDUICHUANCHUANSHUSHEBEIHELIANGHAODECAOCHUANXING,YINCICHUANBONENGGOUJIEJINJIESHOUCHUAN,BINGJINRUKEHUGUIMOJIAOXIAODESHESHI。

AvenirYEZAIZHANWANGWEILAI。MUQIAN,GAIGONGSIZHUYAOWEILUSHANGKEHU(FADIANCHANGHEGONGYE)GONGYINGLNG,DANAvenirYEXIWANGZHUAZHULNGHAISHANGJIAZHUDEWENDINGFAZHANJIHUI。Pickering BIAOSHI:“LNGZUOWEICHUANYONGRANLIAODEXUQIUZHENGZAIZENGJIA,WOMENYUJI,YUDANGJINDEQINGKUANGJIERANBUTONG,WEILAIJINIANDESHICHANGZHONGJIANGCHUXIANGENGDUODEBENDIJINKOUHECHUCUNSHESHI,ZHEIJIANGSHILNGYUELAIYUERONGYIHUODE,BINGXIYINHANGYUNYECAIYONGLNGZUOWEIRANLIAO。”

pc蛋蛋登录SUIRANXINGSHISHANGWEIWANQUANMINGLANG,DANSHIANZHAODANGQIANDEZENGZHANGSUDU,ZHEIYIYUQIDESHIXIANYOUXIANGDANGDEKENENGXING。

pc蛋蛋登录YUANCHUANG: OffshoreIntel  YUANWENLAIZI: Selwyn Parker | OffshoreIntel® BIANJIZHENGLI

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