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海洋卫士压载水

德路里:疫情对航运的三重打击是否会持续

2020-03-24 18:58:44
来源:德路里Drewry 编辑: 国际船舶网 我有话要说

ZIYIQINGKUOSANYILAI,YUNLIDUANQUE、GONGYINGLIANZHONGDUANHEWUFAZHIDINGHUOYUNJIHUASHIMUQIANHUOZHUMIANLINDESANDAWENTI,DANZHEIXIEWENTIHUICHIXUDUOJIU?

CONGERYUEKAISHI,DABUFENGUOJIHUOZHUMIANLINSANZHONGTIAOZHAN:

ZHONGGUOGONGYINGLIANZHONGDUANDAOZHIHUOWUGONGYINGDETUICHI,JINERDAOZHIJIZHUANGXIANGHUOWUJINCHUKOULIANGXIAJIANG;

HAIYUNYUNLIHEJIZHUANGXIANGSHEBEIDUANQUE。QIZHONG,ERYUEYOU105BANKUATAIPINGYANGHANGCIHEYAZHOUZHIBEIOU/DIZHONGHAIHANGCIBEIQUXIAO,EROUZHOUDELENGZANGJIZHUANGXIANGSHEBEIHEMEIGUOMOXIGEWANDEPUTONGJIZHUANGXIANGSHEBEIDOUCHUXIANLEDUANQUE;

YOUYUHUOZHUDUIMUQIANSHUANGZHONGCAIGOU(Dual sourcing)HEYUNSHUFANGMIANFASHENGDEWENTIDAODIHUICHIXUDUOJIUWUFAYUJI,CONGERWUFAZUOCHUXINDEHUOYUNJIHUA,SHIDEJINKOUSHANGBUDEBUCHIGUANWANGTAIDU。

MUQIANWEIZHI,ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGYIDAOZHIHUOZHUZHICHULEYIBAIWANMEIYUANJIDEJIZHUANGXIANGZHILIUFEI,ERCHENGYUNSHANGGENGSHISUNSHIJISHIYIMEIYUANDESHOURU。HUOZHUWUNAIBEIPOZHIFUGENGDUOYUNFEISUODINGCANGWEIYIBAOZHENGJINJIHUOWUNENGZHUNSHISONGDA,ERDALIANGDEKONGZHICHUANBOQUEZAIDENGDAIHUOWU,BINGYINWEISHIQUSHENGYIERMENGSHOUJINGJISUNSHI。ZAIRENYUANFANGMIAN,ZHONGGUOYUNSHUHEHAIGUANGONGZUORENYUANCENGYINJIANYICUOSHIWUFAGONGZUO(XIANZAIDABUFENRENYUANYIHUIFUGONGZUO,TONGSHIBANGONGSHIGONGZUOYEHUIFUZHENGCHANG),XUDUOGONGSIJINZHIYUANGONGGUOWAICHUCHAHEGONGYINGSHANG、KEHUDANGMIANKAIHUI。DIANZISHANGWUHEYUANCHENGBANGONGDEYALIZHOUZENG。

DAJIAZUIGUANZHUDEWENTISHIZHEIXIEQINGKUANGHESHINENGJIESHU。WOMENBINGBUNENGJICHUWANZHENGDAAN,DANDELULIJIYUJIHUOZHU、GANGKOUHEHANGYUNGONGSIDEZIXUNGONGZUODEJINGYANYIJIDELULIHAISHIYANJIUBUMENDEYANJIU,WEIXIAYIJIEDUANZHONGXINGYERUHEYINGDUIZHEICHANGWEIJITIGONGYIXIEFENXI。

1.  GONGYINGLIANZHONGDUANZHIHOU

pc蛋蛋登录GENJUHUOCHEJIAOTONGSHUJUFENXI,ZHONGGUOGONGYINGLIANYIJINGHUIFUDAOQUNIANTONGQI65-70%DESHUIPING。ZHONGGUONANBUHEDONGBUYOUHUIFUCHENGDUJIAOGAO,DANQIANWANGHUBEIDEHUOCHEJIAOTONGLIANGZHIYOUQUNIANTONGQIDE20%。JUXIAOXIRENSHITOULU,ZHONGGUOZHIZAOYEYIJINGHUIFUDAOWANQUANSHENGCHANNENGLIDE70%。

DELULI(Drewry)ZHONGGUOQUDONGSHIHANNINGNVSHITIDAO,“ZHONGGUOZHENGZAINULITONGGUOJINKUAIFUGONGLAIBAOCHIQIZAISHIJIEGONGYINGLIANDEDIWEI”。DANSHIZAISAN、SIYUEHUIFUSHENGCHANHOU,TAYUJISHENGCHANSHANGJIANGMIANLINLIANGGETIAOZHAN,YIGESHIGONGCHANGSHIFOUNENGSHOUDAOXINDEDINGDANLAIBAOCHISHENGCHAN(ZHEIQUJUEYUZHUYAOCONGZHONGGUOJINKOUSHANGPINGUOJIADEXUQIU,TEBIESHIOUZHOUHEMEIGUO),LINGYIGESHIQUANQIUYIQINGMANYANDUIYUANCAILIAOGONGYINGDEYINGXIANG。TAQIANGDIAO,ZHEILIANGGEYINSUHUIJIAJUZHONGGUOZHIZAOYEHUIFUZHENGCHANGHUADEKUNNAN。GENGDUOMEIGUOJINKOUSHANGWEILEGONGYINGLIANDUOYANGHUA,HUIGENGDUODICONGDONGNANYAJINKOU。

2.  HAIYUNYUNLIHEJIZHUANGXIANGSHEBEIDEQIANJING

JIZHUANGXIANGCHUANBOYUNLIKENENGHUIZAISANYUEMOHUIFU。CHUANGONGSIDUIZHONGGUOCHUKOUHUOWUZENGJIACHONGMANXINXIN。CMA CGMZAI3YUE6RIFABIAOSHENGMINGCHENG,SUIZHEXIFANGGUOJIAXUNQIUZHONGJIANKUCUN,YIDANYIQINGWENDINGXIALAI,XUQIULIANGJIUHUIXUNSUSHANGSHENG。YINCI,GAIJITUANYUJIZAI3YUEZHONGXUNKAISHIHUIFUZHENGCHANGYUNLISHUIPING。

YIXIECHUANGONGSIZHENGZAIJIANGDUIJIZAIMEIXIGANGKOUDEKONGXIANGYUNHUIYAZHOU。

DANSHI,HANGYUNGONGXUDEBUPINGHENGJIANGDAOZHIYUNFEIDEJULIEBODONG,KENENGHUISHIXIAOHUOZHUHEYONGYOUDIJIAZHIHUOWUDEHUOZHUMIANLINYUNLIDUANQUEDEWENTI。OUZHOUZHIZHONGGUODEJIQIYUNFEIZAIGUOQUSANZHOUYISHANGZHANG31%。

图1:鹿特丹-上海集装箱即期运费

pc蛋蛋登录LAIYUAN:DELULIQUANQIUJIZHUANGXIANGYUNFEIZHISHU

CONGYAZHOUCHUFADELIANGTIAOZHUYAOHANGXIANZAISANYUEFENDEQUXIAOHANGCISHULIANGJINWEIERYUEFENDESANFENZHIYI。

表1:航次取消情况

LAIYUAN:DELULIHANGCIQUXIAOHECHUANBODENGDAISHIJIANMEIZHOUGENZONG

MEIGUOQUANGUOLINGSHOULIANHEHUI(US National Retail Federation)YUCE,4YUEFENMEIGUOGANGKOUDEZONGJIZHUANGXIANGYUNLIANGJIANGBIQUNIAN4YUEZENGZHANG4.5%,BIJINNIAN2YUE(JINQIZUIDIDIAN)GAOCHU29%。

pc蛋蛋登录YUJIWUCHUANCHENGYUNRENHETOUJICHUANGONGSIHUIYINYOUXIANDEYUNLIERXIANGHUOZHUSHIYA,BINGYAOQIUGENGGAODEYUNFEI。MEIYOUYUNLIBAOZHENGDEHUOZHUJIANGHENNANZAIHUOYUNLIANGFANDANSHIDEDAOZUGOUDECANGWEI。

3.  WEILAIDEHUOYUNJIHUA

pc蛋蛋登录YOUHUOZHUZUIJINXIANGDELULI(Drewry)BIAODALETAMENDEDANYOU,DANXINWEILAIBUQUEDINGXINGHUIYINGXIANGTAMENYUNSHUYEWU。DUOGUOXIAOFEIZHEXINXINYOUSUOXIAJIANG。JINGUANZHONGGUODESHENGCHANNENGLIYIDEDAOHUIFU,DANSHIJIEQITADIFANGZAIYIQINGDEYINGXIANGXIARENGQIANJINGWEIMING。ZHONGGUOZHIWAIDEXIAOFEIZHEXUQIUHESHENGCHANNENGLISHIFOUHUISHOUDAOZHANGSHIJIANDAJIYIJIUCUNYI。YILAIKONGYUNYUNSHU(RUYAOPINHEDIANZICHANPIN)DEDEXINGYESHIFOUHUISHOUDAOGUOJIHANGBANJIANSHAOHEDUIFEIBENTUKACHEYUNSHUGUANBIBUFENBIANJINGDEYINGXIANGRENGSHIWEIZHI。

WEILAISHIBUQUEDINGDE,DANWOMENYIZHISHICHANGJIANGHUIJULIEBODONG。YINCI,WOMENXIWANGHUOZHU、HUODAIDENGSUOYOUXIANGGUANFANGGENJUSHICHANGHEXINGYEDEBIANHUAXUNSUZUOCHUFANYING,ZAIMUQIANBUKEYUCEDEQINGKUANGXIAKAOLVDUANQIANPAIERBUSHIZHANGQICHENGNUO。GUANZHUJIQISHICHANGDEFAZHAN,BINGJIAYILIYONG。RUGUOTONGSHIYOULAIHUICHENGHUOWU,KEYIKAOLVZHONGFULIYONGJIZHUANGXIANGSHEBEI。

pc蛋蛋登录TONGSHI,JINGUANZHONGGUOZHENGZAIHUIFUSHENGCHAN,DANSHIXIAOFEIXIAHUA、YOUJIABAODIERENGHUIDAOZHIYUNFEIJULIEBODONG,ZHEIXIEYINSUDOUXUYAOKAOLVJINQU。

DELULI(Drewry)TIGONGDUOZHONGFUWUKEYIBANGZHUHUOZHU,BAOKUODINGQIFENXIBAOGAORU《DELULIJIZHUANGXIANGYUCE》、《DELULIQUXIAOHANGCIHECHUANBODENGDAISHIJIANMEIZHOUGENZONG》、《DELULIJIZHUANGXIANGYUNFEIXINXIKU》、DINGZHIHUAHAIYUNCAIGOUZIXUNFUWUHEDELULIDILIURANYOUJIAGEGENZONG,DENGDENG。

pc蛋蛋登录BUGUANWEIJICHIXUDUOJIU,HUOZHUMENDOUXUYAOHUAFEIHENDUOLIQI、YILAIHAODESHUJU、KENENGHAIXUYAOYIXIEYUNQI,LAIYINGDUIYIQINGDAILAIDENANGUAN。

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